Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi
Mawlānā Jalāl-ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhi (Rūmī) Turkish: Mevlânâ Celâleddin Mehmed Rumi), also known as Mawlānā Jalāl-ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī (Template:PerB), but known to the English-speaking world simply as Rumi, (September 30, 1207–December 17, 1273), was a 13th century Persian (Tājīk) Muslim poet, jurist, and theologian. His name literally means "Majesty of Religion", Jalal means "majesty" and Din means "religion". Rumi is a descriptive name meaning "the Roman" since he died in Anatolia which was part of the Eastern Roman Empire two centuries before. 
Rumi was born in Balkh (in present-day Afghanistan, then a city of Greater Khorasan in Persia) and died in Konya (in present-day Turkey). His birthplace and native language/local dialogue indicates a Persian heritage. He also wrote his poetry in Persian and his works are widely read in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and in translation especially in Turkey, Azerbaijan, the US, and South Asia. He lived most of his life in, and produced his works under, the Seljuk Empire. Aside from his Persian poetry, he also wrote some verses in Arabic, Greek, and Oghuz Turkish.
Rumi's importance is considered to transcend national and ethnic borders. Throughout the centuries he has had a significant influence on Persian as well as Urdu and Turkish literatures. His poems have been widely translated into many of the world's languages in various formats.
- See Category:Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi for poems written by Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi.
 References and footnotes
- ↑ Transliteration of the Arabic alphabet into English varies. One common transliteration is Mowlana Jalaluddin Balkhi. The usual brief reference to him is simply Rumi or Balkhi.
- ↑ C.E. Bosworth/B.G. Fragner, "Tādjīk", in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Online Edition: "... In Islamic usage, [Tādjīk] eventually came to designate the Persians, as opposed to Turks [...] the oldest citation for it which Schaeder could find was in verses of Djalāl al-Dīn Rūmī ..."
- ↑ B. Ghafurov, "Todjikon", 2 vols., Dushanbe 1983-5
- ↑ Template:Cite web
- ↑ Schwartz, Stephen (May 14, 2007) ["The Balkin Front." Weekly Standard.
- ↑ Franklin Lewis, Rumi Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2000. pg 9 & 543. pg 239:”
- ↑ Bank, Coleman, Rumi: The Book of Love: Poems of Ecstasy and Longing, p.xxv HarperCollins (2005), ISBN 0-06-075050-2
 English translations
- The Mysteries of the Universe and Rumi's Discoveries on the Majestic Path of Love, by Majid M. Naini, Universal Vision & Research, 2002 ISBN 0-9714600-0-0 
- The Mesnevi of Mevlānā Jelālu'd-dīn er-Rūmī. Book first, together with some account of the life and acts of the Author, of his ancestors, and of his descendants, illustrated by a selection of characteristic anecdotes, as collected by their historian, Mevlānā Shemsu'd-dīn Ahmed el-Eflākī el-'Arifī, translated and the poetry versified by James W. Redhouse, London: 1881. Contains the translation of the first book only.
- Masnaví-i Ma'naví, the Spiritual Couplets of Mauláná Jalálu'd-din Muhammad Rúmí, translated and abridged by E. H. Whinfield, London: 1887; 1989. Abridged version from the complete poem. On-line editions at sacred-texts.com and on wikisource.
- The Masnavī by Jalālu'd-din Rūmī. Book II, translated for the first time from the Persian into prose, with a Commentary, by C.E. Wilson, London: 1910.
- The Mathnawí of Jalálu'ddín Rúmí, edited from the oldest manuscripts available, with critical notes, translation and commentary by Reynold A. Nicholson, in 8 volumes, London: Messrs Luzac & Co., 1925–1940. Contains the text in Persian. First complete English translation of the Mathnawí.
- Rending The Veil: Literal and Poetic Translations of Rumi, translated by Shahram Shiva Hohm Press, 1995 ISBN 0-934252-46-7. Recipient of Benjamin Franklin Award.
- Hush, Don't Say Anything to God: Passionate Poems of Rumi, translated by Shahram Shiva Jain Publishing, 1999 ISBN 0-87573-084-1.
- The Essence Of Rumi's Masnevi (Including His Life and Works), from Prof. Dr. Erkan TÜRKMEN
- The Essential Rumi, translated by Coleman Barks with John Moyne, A. J. Arberry, Reynold Nicholson, San Francisco: Harper Collins, 1996 ISBN 0-06-250959-4; Edison (NJ) and New York: Castle Books, 1997 ISBN 0-7858-0871-X. Selections.
- The Illuminated Rumi, translated by Coleman Barks, Michael Green contributor, New York: Broadway Books, 1997 ISBN 0-7679-0002-2.
- The Masnavi: Book One, translated by Jawid Mojaddedi, Oxford World's Classics Series, Oxford University Press, 2004 ISBN 0-19-280438-3. Translated for the first time from the Persian edition prepared by Mohammad Estelami with an introduction and explanatory notes. Awarded the 2004 Lois Roth Prize for excellence in translation of Persian literature by the American Institute of Iranian Studies.
- Divani Shamsi Tabriz translated by Nevit Oguz Ergin as Divan-i-kebir, published by Echo Publications, 2003 ISBN-10: 188799128X
 Swedish translations
- Mesnavi, part 1-6, translated by Eric Hermelin, Lund, 1933-39.
- Vassflöjtens sång, translated by Ashk Dahlén, Lund, 2001.
On Rumi's life and work
- Majid M. Naini, The Mysteries of the Universe and Rumi's Discoveries on the Majestic Path of Love], Universal Vision & Research, 2002, ISBN 0-9714600-0-0
- Franklin Lewis, Rumi Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2000. ISBN 1-85168-214-7
- Leslie Wines, Rumi: A Spiritual Biography, New York: Crossroads, 2001 ISBN 0-8245-2352-0.
- Rumi's Thoughts, edited by Seyed G Safavi, London: London Academy of Iranian Studies, 2003.
- Şefik Can, Fundamentals of Rumi's Thought: A Mevlevi Sufi Perspective, Sommerset (NJ): The Light Inc., 2004 ISBN 1-932099-79-4.
On Persian literature
- E.G. Browne, History of Persia, four volumes, 1998 ISBN 0-7007-0406-X. 2,256 pages, and twenty-five years in the writing.
- Jan Rypka, History of Iranian Literature, Reidel Publishing Company; 1968 Template:OCLC. ISBN 90-277-0143-1
- EVIDENCE THAT RUMI WAS BORN IN TAJIKISTAN
- An orthodox Muslim or a universal mystic?
- http://www.sheiknazim2.com/dergahofsplendor.html Come again and again
On-line texts & translations of Rumi
- Four new translations of Rumi poems by Coleman Barks
- The Masnavi I Ma'navi, by Maulana Jalalu-'d-din Muhammad Rumi, Abridged and Translated by E.H. Whinfield on sacred-texts.com
- Dar al Masnavi, several English versions of selections by different translators.
- (Rumi.net) Rumi's little-known biography and poems (Quatrains and Odes) in English by Shahram Shiva
- Quatrains at Iranian.com
- The Rubaiyat of Rumi Lecture of Khosro Naghed.
- Rumi, Poet of Love and Justice, CHN News
- Jalaluddin Rumi
- About Rumi, English translations and personal/rare biography
- Several Rumi Poems (Quatrains and Odes) in English
- Iranian studies site
- The Threshold Society and Mevlevi Order
- The Mevlevi Order of America. [This organization and the one above are unaffiliated with each other]
- Official website of the Family of Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi
- Mawlana Jalal al-Din Rumi- Mevlevi webpage
- RumiOnFire.com - A Tribute to Rumi
- Rumi, Jalal al-Din, a biography by Professor Iraj Bashiri, University of Minnesota.
- What goes round... - The Guardian, November 5, 2000
- Rumi Lectures at Harvard University
- Rumi and the Tradition of Sufi Poetry
- Rumi and Islamic Spirituality
- Rumi and Self Discovery
- Mewlana Jelal Ad-Din Rumi
- Treasures of Persian Literature, by Professor Behrouz Homayoun Far
- Sadeq Dehqan. UNESCO designates 2007 "Year of Molana", Iran Daily, April 8, 2006.
- Ashkhabad to host Molana conference
- Guernica Magazine (guernicamag.com) on the 800th anniversary of Rumi's birth
- Rumi Year Celebrations in Buffalo, NY area
- Can Rumi Save Us Now?