Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi

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Mawlānā Jalāl-ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhi (Rūmī)[1] Turkish: Mevlânâ Celâleddin Mehmed Rumi), also known as Mawlānā Jalāl-ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī (محمد بلخى), but known to the English-speaking world simply as Rumi, (30 September, 1207–17 December, 1273), was a 13th century Persian (Tājīk)[2][3] Muslim poet, jurist, and theologian. His name literally means "Majesty of Religion", Jalal means "majesty" and Din means "religion". Rumi is a descriptive name meaning "the Roman" since he died in Anatolia which was part of the Eastern Roman Empire two centuries before. [4]

  1. Transliteration of the Arabic alphabet into English varies. One common transliteration is Mowlana Jalaluddin Balkhi. The usual brief reference to him is simply Rumi or Balkhi.
  2. Clifford Edmund Bosworth/B.G. Fragner, "Tādjīk", in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Online Edition: "... In Islamic usage, [Tādjīk] eventually came to designate the Persians, as opposed to Turks [...] the oldest citation for it which Schaeder could find was in verses of Djalāl al-Dīn Rūmī ..."
  3. B. Ghafurov, "Todjikon", 2 vols., Dushanbe 1983-5
  4. Schwartz, Stephen (May 14, 2007) "The Balkin Front." Weekly Standard.